Precautions for diabetes patients

Nearly 450 million individuals globally are affected by diabetes and countless more are at risk of developing the condition. People living with diabetes require ongoing support and resources to manage their health and prevent complications, including access to medication, technology, care, and support.

If a household includes someone with diabetes, it is crucial that the family takes care of their needs, including avoiding foods that add excessive sugar and can cause indigestion. It is also important that the family not neglect the individual's health, especially in cases where they are elderly or unable to manage their own care.

Here are some tips to help ensure the well-being of those with diabetes:

  • Take medication as directed: it is crucial that individuals with diabetes take their medication as prescribed by their doctor. If the patient is reluctant or irregular with their medication, it increases their risk for heart disease, nerve damage, and other serious conditions. Medicine and insulin must be taken with discipline and punctuality as per the doctor's instructions.
  • Avoid smoking: smoking not only increases the risk of developing diabetes but also exacerbates any associated problems. It also raises blood glucose levels, which can be dangerous for individuals with diabetes.
  • Be mindful of food choices: when a person with diabetes goes without eating for a long period of time, their liver will automatically release glucose for energy. A heavy breakfast can raise their glucose levels. Avoid fast food and restaurants, as they often contain high amounts of calories and fat. When cooking for someone with diabetes, be mindful of the ingredients and consider homemade options for when they are on the go. Keeping a record of food intake can also help manage glucose levels.
  • Incorporate regular exercise: physical activity is essential for individuals with diabetes to maintain their health. Regular exercise is beneficial for weight loss, blood glucose control, insulin levels, and reducing body fat. Aiming for 30 minutes of exercise five days a week is ideal. Consult with a doctor for suggestions on exercise types, such as swimming or cycling.
  • Prioritize dental health: diabetes can also impact dental health. High glucose levels can cause sugar-related infections that increase the risk of gum disease. Brushing teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste is important for maintaining healthy teeth and gums.
  • Take care of feet: diabetes can lead to neurological problems, making it crucial to take care of the feet. Wash feet daily with warm water (not hot), and make sure they are clean and dry. Wear comfortable shoes and address any injuries promptly. The feet are one of the most important parts of the body for those with diabetes to take care of.

Note: Always follow the doctor's instructions for diabetes medications and insulin, and contact them immediately if anything unusual arises.